Can Blockchain Help Secure Public Voting?

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Can Blockchain Help Secure Public Voting

There is so much talk in the world about voter fraud and whether a person’s vote even counts. The United States has certainly had their voting controversies; Cambridge Analytica and Facebook being one of the more notable recent cases.

There is the possibility that private information can be stolen from voters and misinformation given to voter. All this for the sole purpose of persuading their vote to go one particular way. However, the real question is, do the actual votes count?

The technology used to count votes seems to be greatly outdated and widely susceptible to hacking and security breaches. For this reason, voting technology needs to be updated in order to combat these cyber risks.

Among the advances being made in voting systems is the secret ballot electronic voting and blockchain voting. This article will focus on the latter.

What is Blockchain?

Fortunately, there may be a way to secure the democratic process in these countries.

This can be done using blockchain technology. You might be familiar with the term “blockchain” as a technology for recording cryptocurrency transactions on the internet. Now the same technology can be applied to voting equipment too.

Blockchain is basically a digital ledger which functions on several different computer nodes. In other words, the recorded data on this ledger is not stored on just one computer or location.

It is distributed to several different areas across the internet, which makes hacking an impossibility.

So, if anyone is worried about voter fraud or people voting more than once, blockchain voting will prevent it from happening.

How Does Blockchain Voting Work?

Blockchain voting gives voters completely transparency. The voting is done through a secure online platform by using a mobile device.

You would simply need to download a special blockchain voting app which would be the Voting Booth. After it is downloaded, you install the app and then run it.

You’ll be asked to submit your personal information for identity verification purposes.

After that checks out, you’ll register for whichever upcoming elections you’re allowed to vote in. Your information will be processed through an ID registrar and ID verifier.

If it looks good, then you will be authorized to vote for that election. Eye-scan or fingerprint technology will be used to verify your identity and ensure that you don’t vote more than once.

You will be able to cast your ballot right on your mobile device. The ballot gets submitted to a virtual ballot box that is secured by the blockchain technology.

This ensures your voter anonymity. If you decide to change your vote before Election Day, you may be able to do so if your local election laws allow it.

Blockchain Voting Pros

Voters will be able to track their own votes and make sure they were cast and counted. If there is any tampering of their votes, they will be able to see it.

Since the votes pass through decentralized blockchain databases, there is no way a hacker will be able to retrieve those results. The voting information gets spread to too many different servers for them to trace it.

Meanwhile, the government agencies that run the elections can confirm the number of votes a lot faster. There is no need for manual recounts or contested elections as we see now.

The blockchain voting will be precise and 100% accurate, no matter how close the results are.

Blockchain Voting Cons

There is a lot of scepticism surrounding blockchain voting. Many people feel uncomfortable about letting people vote through their mobile devices.

The idea of voting over the internet from any location is still a revolutionary idea. It will take a while for politicians to believe that such an election process will work out flawlessly.

The technology itself is still in the experimental stage, which is why it won’t become universal anytime soon.

Image via Pixabay CC0 License
David Anthony

David has a background in Journalism and small business. David writes on culture, education and business. He also writes for Relevance and Medium.

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